Why We Need Solar-Powered Water Pumps In India?

Solar water pumps are similar to traditional electrical pumps except that they run on solar energy and not conventional electricity or fossil fuel. The process involves generating electricity through the use of solar panels, which then powers the motor to pump out the water.

Currently, 70% of households are still dependent on agriculture for their livelihood (Business Standard). In fact, the agriculture sector accounts for 18% of India’s GDP (Economic Times).

It is evident that the demand for a sustainable method of irrigation is surpassing the current accessible pumping capacity. The need for solar pumps is increasing and more initiatives are essential to follow through on the switch to solar energy.

Converting from conventional sources of energy for irrigation pumps can help India reach 38% of it’s envisioned 2022 goal of 175 Gw renewable energy target
(Business Standard).

Solar energy is a great solution to address critical issues in the agricultural sector. Training and educating farmers can prove to be beneficial in order to speed up the shift to solar-powered pumps.

Benefits of Solar Pumps:

A renewable source of energy: Using solar energy means we reduce our carbon footprint and the overall pollution caused by burning fossil fuels.

Low Operating Costs & Maintenance costs: The expense for using these pumps is quite less. In addition, there is very less maintenance needed which cuts down the costs associated with sustaining these pumps.

Solar panels are reliable even in regional and remote areas: Solar panels can provide energy to even remote parts of India; the only requirement is access to direct sunlight.

Mobile Accessibility: These solar pumps can be operated remotely by the farmers, which can save their time and effort.

It is easy to operate: It is not a complicated process and is very simple to use.

Additional Sources of Income for Farmers: Net metered solar water pumps can help the farmers in meeting their energy needs and sell the surplus of energy to earn more.

The Kisan Urja Surakasha Utthan Mahaabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme and the Suryashakti Kisan Yojana (SKY) by the Indian government and Gujarat’s state government respectively are actively striving for this purpose. However, more initiatives need to be put in place to further increase the pace of this process.

Solar energy can be used for many diverse purposes, Irrigation being one of them. By using solar-powered pumps not only can we empower the life of farmers but also improve our country’s overall sustainability.

 

Sources:

https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/solar-irrigation-pumps-can-help-india-reach-38-of-its-green-energy-target-118081700946_1.html

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